Radio Phrasiology & Codes


IDF Soldier with phone



Contents:



Common Radio Phraseology:

(m = military, CB = citizens’ band, p/f = police/fire)

  • affirm = Yes. (mil, p/f)
  • alpha mike foxtrot = Adios muther fucker. (mil)
  • bent = System indicated is inoperative.
  • bogey = A radar or visual air contact whose identity is unknown. (mil)
  • bogey dope = Request for target information as briefed/available. (mil)
  • bingo = Minimum fuel state needed for aircraft to return to base (aka “recovery”). (mil)
  • break = Phrase used to separate transmissions or messages to two different recipients. Signals a pause during a long transmission to open the channel for other transmissions, especially for allowing any potential emergency traffic to get through. (mil, p/f)
  • break-break = Signals to all listeners on the frequency that the message to follow is priority. Almost always reserved for emergency traffic. (mil, p/f)
  • bugout = Separation from that particular engagement / attack / operation; no intent to (direction) re-engage / return. (mil)
  • call-sign actual = Sometimes an individual (generally a superior) may have a person monitor the network for them. Saying “actual” after their call-sign asserts you wish to speak to the specific person the call-sign is attached to. (mil)
  • clear = I have finished talking to you and will be shutting my radio off. (mil, CB, p/f)
  • cleared hot = Ordnance release is authorized. (mil)
  • click = Kilometer. (mil)
  • copy = I heard what you just said. Message received. (mil, CB, p/f)
  • cyclops =  Any unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). (mil)
  • ETA = Estimated time of arrival (mil, CB, p/f)
  • freak = Radio frequency. (mil)
  • friendly = An ally or buddy (non enemy). (mil)
  • go = Send your transmission. (mil, CB, p/f)
  • go ahead = Send your transmission. (mil, CB, p/f)
  • gorilla = Large force of indeterminate numbers and formation. (mil)
  • heads up = Alert of an activity of interest. (mil)
  • interrogative = Confusion regarding the last transmission or about the current situation. (mil)
  • knock it off = Directive to cease air combat maneuvers / attacks / activities. (mil)
  • loud and clear =I understand what you say. (mil, CB, p/f)
  • mayday = Maritime/aviation distress call. Repeated three times and at beginning of every following transmission relating to the current distress situation. Has priority over urgency and safety calls.
  • mike(s) = Minute(s). (mil)
  • negative = No. (mil, CB, p/f)
  • negatory = No. (CB)
  • no factor = Not a threat. (mil)
  • on station = Informative call unit / aircraft has reached assigned station. (mil)
  • out = I have finished talking to you and do not expect a reply. (mil, CB, p/f)
  • over = I have finished talking and I am listening for your reply. Short for “Over to you.” (mil, CB, p/f)
  • pan-pan = Maritime/aviation urgency call. Repeated three times. Has priority over safety calls.
  • radio check = How does my radio sound? (mil, cb, p/f)
  • repeat = Say last transmission again.(Repeat is not used in US military radio terminology; it is used exclusively to request additional artillery fire). (mil, CB, p/f)
  • roger = I understand what you just said. (mil)
  • roll call = Each person or element check in to show that they are on frequency and receiving radio traffic. (mil)
  • say again = Repeat your last transmission. (mil, CB, p/f)
  • scram = Emergency directive to egress for defensive or survival reasons. (mil)
  • scramble = Takeoff as quickly as possible. (mil)
  • send traffic = You are clear to send your transmission. (mil, p/f)
  • sierra hotel = Shit hot (from really good). (mil)
  • sit-rep = Situation report (report on what is going on). (mil, p/f)
  • sour = Equipment indicated is operating inefficiently. (mil)
  • standby = Pause for the next transmission. This usually entails staying off the air until the operator returns after a short wait. (mil, p/f)
  • tally = Sighting of a target, bandit, bogey, or enemy position; opposite of no joy. (mil)
  • tango uniform = Broken (tits up). (mil)
  • tango = Bad guy (from terrorist). (mil)
  • unable = cannot comply as requested/directed. (mil)
  • wait one = Wait a moment to talk or to receive a reply. Pause for the next transmission. This usually entails staying off the air until the operator returns after a short wait. (mil, p/f)
  • warning red = Hostile attack is imminent or in progress. (mil)
  • warning yellow = Hostile attack is probable. (mil)
  • warning yellow = Hostile attack is improbable (all clear). (mil)
  • weapons free = Fire only at targets not identified as friendly in accordance with current rules of engagement (ROE). (mil)
  • weapons tight = Fire only at targets positively identified as hostile in accordance with current ROE. (mil)
  • weapons hold = Fire only in self-defense or in response to a formal order.  Use weapons safe to avoid confusion with the phrase hold fire. (mil)
  • wilco = Will comply (after receiving new directions). (mil)
  • Winchester = No ordnance remaining.  (mil)

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Morse Code:

morsecode

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NATO Phonetic Alphabet:

Used by civilian aviation and the military.

Nato Phoenitic Alphabet

NATO Phonetic Alphabet

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Civilian Police Phonetic Alphabet:

police-phonetic-alphabet

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Police 10 Codes:

(cb = citizens’ band, p/f = police/fire)

  • 10-1 = weak signal, unable to copy, change location (cb, p/f)
  • 10-2 = signal good (cb, p/f)
  • 10-3 = stop transmitting (p/f)
  • 10-4 = acknowledgement, ok (cb, p/f)
  • 10-5 = relay to / from (p/f)
  • 10-6 = busy or change channel (p/f)
  • 10-9 = repeat
  • 10-10 = negative
  • 10-12 =stand by
  • 10-13 = weather conditions
  • 10-15 = civil disturbance
  • 10-16 = domestic disturbance
  • 10-17 = enroute
  • 10-18 = urgent
  • 10-20 = location. (cb, p/f)
  • 10-23 = arrived at scene
  • 10-32 = person with a gun
  • 10-33 = emergency
  • 10-34 = riot
  • 10-36 = correct time
  • 10-39 = use lights and siren
  • 10-40 = don’t use lights and siren

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Police 11 Codes:

  • 11-24 = abandoned vehicle
  • 11-40 = advise if an ambulance is needed
  • 11-41 = an ambulance is needed
  • 11-42 = no ambulance is needed
  • 11-44 = possible fatality
  • 11-51 = escort
  • 11-54 = suspicious vehicle
  • 11-55 = officer being followed
  • 11-71 = fire
  • 11-78 = aircraft accident
  • 11-97 = time / security check
  • 11/-8 = meet officer
  • 11-99 = officer needs help

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Police Code Signals:

  • Code 2 = urgent, no light or siren. (p/f)
  • Code 3 = urgent, lights and siren. (p/f)
  • Code 4 = no further assistance needed. (p/f)
  • Code 5 = stake out.
  • Code 6 = stay out of area. (p/f)
  • Code 7 = meal break. (p/f)
  • Code 8 = restroom break. (p/f)
  • Code 10 = SWAT pre-call up
  • Code 11 = SWAT call up
  • Code 37 = wanted/stolen
  • 417 = person with a gun. (p/f)
  • 5150 = mental case. (p/f)

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